Brief about Lumbini City Tour
Lumbini is one of the most important religious sites in the entire world as a birthplace of Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. It is located in a south-western region of Nepal, approximately 350 km. from Kathmandu. Calm and peaceful, the environment of this place itself seems to adhere to the philosophy of the great being it produced, inviting thousands of visitors every year apart from the vast number of Buddhist pilgrims.
Lumbini is a UNESCO world heritage site declared so in 1997. Tourists can visit the Mayadevi temple, held with utmost reverence by every Buddhists throughout the world as a birthplace of Lord Buddha. They can also see the stone sculpture of queen Mayadevi, the mother of Lord Buddha, which is believed to be around two millennia years old. Another main attraction is the Pushkarini pond just beside the temple where queen Mayadevi performed an ablution before giving birth and also the place where Lord Buddha had his first bath. Apart from this, Lumbini is a home to a large number of ornately decorated monasteries built in with the donations from numerous Buddhist societies throughout the world. Each monastery is unique with its own national identity and architectural structure, giving visitors a feel of being as if in an art gallery rather than being amid the religious structures. The sight of the monasteries is spectacular and world famous; their difference preventing the monotonous vibe to arise in the mind of the tourists.
As most of the cultural and religious sites tour, the details are simply not enough to properly visualize the place in one’s mind. Hence, it is much better to experience the place first hand. With the prevalence of calm and peaceful environment, the hums of religious hymns and chants, and the sweet fragrance of burning incense, the visit cleanses your soul and fills darkness of mind with the lightness of positivity.
Lumbini is the ultimate pilgrimages for every Buddhist. Lord Buddha was born at Lumbini while his mother was on her way to parental home from Kapilvastu. it is a place that should be visited and seen by a person of devotion, being one of the four holy places of Buddhism. It is the base of modern Buddhist renaissance, and many Buddhist pilgrims come there from different corner in the world. Lumbini was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Lumbini is the perfect place to go to if you are into cultural, archaeological and religious treasures. There are 62 archaeological sites scattered outside the Lumbini Garden. The tour goes through Tilaurakot, Kudan, Gotihawa, Niglihawa, Sagarhawa, Aurorakot, Devadaha and Ramagrama all bearing significance to the life, enlightenment and death of Buddha. Some important places in Lumbini are:
1) The Lumbini Garden: The Lumbini Sacred Garden is famous as the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Exploring this site you will learn how Buddha's mother returned home, how Buddha was born and grew. The most important discovery in this place is a stone marked to suggest the exact birthplace of Buddha.the temples and monasteries will tell you the whole life of Buddha lord as well as his Buddhism.
2) Ashoka Pillar: The Ashoka Pillar in Lumbini is one of the 3rd Century stone pillars built under the reign of Emperor Ashoka. The pillar is located inside the serene Maya Devi Temple complex and is quite a stimulating structure to visit because of its interesting and motivating history. At present, there are 19 Indian pillars with inscriptions and most of them are found in India, but the inscription on the Ashoka Pillar in Lumbini is the oldest one.
3) Mayadevi Temple: The Mayadevi Temple was built to respect the Queen Maya Devi – the mother of the Lord Buddha. The story of Queen Maya is recorded in the temple. It is said that Maya Devi gave birth to Gautama under a banyan tree and this temple is built in the site of this tree. Many sculptures and carving in which the figures and designs are only slightly projecting from their background are seen here.
4) Tilaurakot: Tilaurakot has been identified by archaeologists as the actual capital of Kapilvastu and the home of King Suddhodhan, father of Prince Siddhartha who later went on to become the Buddha. This is believed to be the place where Lord Buddha spent the first 29 years of his princely life. The site sits in a peaceful meadow on the banks of the Banganga River.
5) Gotihawa: This is an important religious site for the Buddhist world community and is also historically and archaeologically important. Brick structures of stupas and monasteries can be seen in the area outside modern Gotihawa village. It is believed that Krakuchanda Buddha, who came before Shakyamuni Buddha, was born in Gotihawa and attained Nirvana there.
6) Bodhi tree: The Bodhi Tree in Lumbini is located in the divine premises of the Maya Devi Temple complex right next to the vibrant shrine on the banks of the serene Maya Devi Pond. One may visit the tree after exploring the temple before maybe sitting by the pond admiring the tranquillity of the site. One may also choose to offer prayers and make a wish. It was under one of these trees that Buddha attained enlightenment and liberation from delusions, anger, and self-indulgence.
7) Devdaha: Devdaha is the maternal hometown of Queen Mayadevi, Prince Siddhartha's mother, Prajapati Gautami, his stepmother, and Princess Yasodhara, his consort. This is the place where Lord Buddha spent his most precious time. He spent his whole childhood and youth playing with the children of this area. There are several other sites around Devdaha such as Kumarbarti, Khayardanda, Bairimai/Kanyamai, Bhabanipur/Devidamar, Mathagadi (ancient weapons).